Van Mieu - Quoc Tu Giam

Location: 58 Quoc Tu Giam Street, Dong Da District, Ha Noi
Characteristics: This is considered as the first college of Viet Nam and the symbol of Ha Noi Capital.

Formation History

(TITC) - Van Mieu (Temple of Literature) was built in 1070 under King Ly Thanh Tong’s reign to worship Confucius, Confucianism sages, scholars and had the function as the royal school. In 1076, King Ly Nhan Tong had Quoc Tu Giam built next to Van Mieu as a university for princes and mandarins’ sons. In 1253, King Tran Thai Tong had Quoc Tu Giam expended and accepted all excellent students. Under King Tran Minh Tong’s reign (1314 - 1329), Teacher Chu Van An was appointed as rector of Quoc Tu Giam and responsible for teaching princes. In 1785, King Le Hien Tong renamed Quoc Tu Giam to Thai Hoc House. In the early Nguyen Dynasty, Thai Hoc House was moved to Hue.

 

Architecture

In front of Van Mieu, on the other side of  Quoc Tu Giam Street, there is a large lake called Van (Literature) Lake. On Kim Chau Mound in the middle of the lake exists the stele erected in 1865 with text of Van Mieu remodelling process.

 

Located in the 54,000m² campus with surrounding wooden-hammer brick wall, Van Mieu – Quoc Tu Giam includes 5 separate zones.

 

The first zone extends from Van Mieu Gate (Great Portico) to Dai Trung Gate. Two-floor Van Mieu Gate consists of 3 arch doors. The second floor of the gate has a bell. Walking along the brick path, visitors come to 3-door Dai Trung Gate.

 

The second zone spreads from Dai Trung Gate to Khue Van Pavilion. Built in 1805, Khue Van Pavilion (the pavilion with the beauty of Venus – the literature star) is a square pavilion with 2 floors and 2-layer roof. The two sides of Khue Van Pavilion are Bi Van Gate and Suc Van Gate. The gates’ names mean to praise the beauty and value of literature. Khue Van Pavilion is a unique architectural work and the symbol of Vietnamese culture and literature.

 

 

Crossing Khue Van Pavilion, visitors come to the third zone with Thien Quang Well and the system of stone steles recording royal examinations. Thien Quang Well (or Van Pond) is square shape and filled with water all year round. The two sides of Thien Quang Well are the stele house zones. These are an important relics in Van Mieu – Quoc Tu Giam, including 82 steles which record the royal examinations of Le and Mac dynasties (1442-1779). All steles are of the same model: the slab is flat with an arched pediment and tortoise-shaped base; the tortoise is rather big and looks strong; the steles are different in sizes. Every stele is put on stone tortoise’s back to represent everlasting national quintessence and reflect historical and cultural values of Viet Nam through 300 years. With the outstanding and rare values, these 82 steles have been recognized as world documentary heritage by UNESCO since March 2010.

 

Through Dai Thanh Gate, visitors arrive in the fourth zone, the main zone of Van Mieu – Quoc Tu Giam, including the large yard, Ta Vu and Huu Vu houses, Dai Bai House and Dai Thanh Temple. Dai Bai House has 9 compartments with many horizontal lacquered boards and parallel sentences praising Confucianism and sages in the middle compartment. Behind Dai Bai House is 9-compartment Dai Thanh Temple where worships Confucius.

 

The fifth zone is Thai Hoc House or Quoc Tu Giam, where trained talents for the dynasties. In 1999, Thai Hoc House Zone rebuilt in harmony with the surrounding landscapes includes Front Shrine, Back Shrine, bell tower, drum tower. 9-compartment Front Shrine is the place displaying materials on traditional fondness for learning, great respect for teachers of Vietnamese people. Connected with Front Shrine by a corridor, Back Shrine is a 2-floor wooden architectural work. The first floor is the place worshiping Teacher Chu Van An – World Cultural Celebrity and displaying materials on Van Mieu – Quoc Tu Giam and Viet Nam’s education. The second floor is dedicated to kings who deserved credit for building Van Mieu – Quoc Tu Giam and contributed to national education, namely King Ly Thanh Tong, King Ly Nhan Tong and King Le Thanh Tong.

 

Cultural Activity

Currently, Van Mieu - Quoc Tu Giam is the place to organize typical cultural activities such as scientific seminars, thematic exhibitions; ceremonies to commend the outstanding graduating students of universities, institutes in Ha Noi; awarding certificates of professor, associate professor; book festivals, Viet Nam poetry day, etc.

 

With the long-standing history and culture, Van Mieu – Quoc Tu Giam has been recognized as a special national relic since May 2012 and 82 steles which record the royal examinations has been recognized as a national treasure since January 2015. This is an attractive cultural tourist site for visitors to learn about culture and history of Viet Nam.

 

Opening time: daily, summer: 7.30am - 5.30pm, winter: 8.00am - 5.00pm.
Fare: VND 30,000/person.

Thu Giang

 

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WHERE TO STAY
Huyen My Hotel

Add: 36 Le Duan St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3825 0845

Huong Giang Hotel

Add: 44 Le Duan St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3826 0394

Ngoc Quy Hotel

Add: 50 Tran Quy Cap St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3733 5029

Hoang Hai Hotel

Add: 16 Yen The lane, Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3825 9485

Con Rong Hotel

Add: 40A Cat Linh St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3829 2954

Viet My Hotel

Add: 36 Nguyen Khuyen St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3823 2910

Tu Anh Hotel

Add: 8 Thong Phong lane,Quoc Tu Giam Ward, Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3845 9663

Ngoc Linh Hotel

Add: 35 Ngo Sy Lien St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3747 4411

Trang An Hotel

Add: 46 Hang Chao St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3823 2837

Hoa Thinh Hotel

Add: 63 Ngo Sy Lien St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3733 3478/ 3733 4076

Hai Cuong Hotel

Add: 35 Nguyen Khuyen St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3747 4130

Huong Giang Hotel

Add: 147 Ton Duc Thang St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3851 4516

Nu Hoang Hotel

Add: 25C Cat Linh St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3845 9555

Hotel Pullman Hanoi

Add: 40 Cat Linh St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3733 0808

Bao Son International Hotel

Add: 50 Nguyen Chi Thanh St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3835 3536

Ngoc Anh Hotel

Add: 221 Giang Vo St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3851 4368

Hacinco Hotel

Add: 110 Thai Thinh St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3857 4040

Larosa Hotel

Add: 36 Nguyen Khuyen St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3747 1155

Eastin Easy GTC Hanoi Hotel

Add: 27 Quoc Tu Giam St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3747 4106

Asean Hotel

Add: 12 Ngo Si Lien St., Dong Da Dist

Tel: (84-24) 3747 5888

WHERE TO EAT
Tulip Café Restaurant

Add: 109 Lang Ha St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 2241 2546

Phu Dong Restaurant

Add: 175 Thai Ha St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3514 6669/ 3514 6668

ABC Restaurant

Add: 73 - 75 Thai Ha St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3857 0418

Grilland-BBQ Restaurant

Add: 76 Nguyen Chi Thanh St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3775 6799

Lion Beer Restaurant

Add: 96 Thai Thinh St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3537 6806

Viet Chay Thang Long Restaurant

Add: 1- Alley 26 Nguyen Hong St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3773 8088

Kim Lien Restaurant

Add: 10 Pham Ngoc Thach St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3852 6216

Goldmalt Kim Lien Restaurant

Add: 181 Kim Lien St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 0912 280 214

Thanh Long 1 Restaurant

Add: 34b Nguyen Chi Thanh St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 6275 1661

Thanh Long 2 Restaurant

Add: 204 Xa Dan - new Kim Lien St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3572 0600

Son Dong II Restaurant

Add: 376 Xa Dan St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3573 6036

Thanh Thanh Restaurant

Add: 204 Xa Dan St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3572 6516

Hai Trieu Quan Restaurant

Add: B7 Alley 25 Lang Ha St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 6655 5888

Gia An Restaurant

Add: 111/8 Lang Ha St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3562 5957

Domino Restaurant

Add: 149 Lang Ha St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3562 6175

Espresso Café Restaurant

Add: 7/111 Lang Ha St., Dong Da Dist

Tel: (84-24) 2246 9232

Givral Restaurant

Add: 78 Lang Ha St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 6285 8585

Givral Restaurant

Add: 129 Le Duan St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 6285 8585

KFC Restaurant

Add: 173 Lang Ha St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3848 9999

Kinh Do Restaurant

Add: 17 Le Van Luong St., Dong Da Dist.

Tel: (84-24) 3556 6902